Breathings and accents

English translation by Bruna Pogliano

Nowadays, Greek spelling is the result of its evolution from ancient ages until the XVII century; a typical feature is represented by marks placed over vowels. Such marks were used only exceptionally by ancient writers, as it can be seen from papyri and inscriptions. The introduction of these marks is largely due to μεταχαρακτηρισμός, i.e.: the transcription of classical texts as carried out in Byzantine Era, aimed at determining clearly the correct pronunciation of ancient texts, in such a way as to avoid doubts and mistakes that might have been originated by the remarkable changes that Greek pronunciation had undergone over the centuries.

That is the reason why breathings and accents were introduced in Greek spelling.

Placement and position of breathing and accent marks:


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